Ancient Technology Museum & Wax Museum


Technology, as the tool or plan used to get things done efficiently, has been an important part of human progress since the beginning. Sri Lanka has a past of more than 2500 years, and you can see how advanced technology has changed many aspects of life. This piece details the fascinating world of ancient technology in Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka. It talks about the Bisokotuva technology, the Stupa technology, the Metal technology, the Naval technology, and other features that have left an indelible mark on history.

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Sri Lanka's recorded history reflects a symbiotic relationship between the development of technology and the needs of its people. Unlike some ancient civilizations, the technology practised by the Sri Lankans was exceptionally high, tailored to the island's unique characteristics.

One remarkable example of ancient Sri Lankan technology is the Bisokotuva system, a marvel in irrigation. With its intricate design, this technology was crucial in transforming arid lands into fertile, productive fields.

Stupa technology, another jewel in Sri Lanka's technological crown, goes beyond mere architecture. Its cultural and religious significance, intertwined with architectural practices, showcases the depth of innovation in ancient times.

Mastering metalworking in ancient Sri Lanka was a testament to craftsmanship and an essential part of daily life and trade. The intricacy of metal artifacts reveals a society that values functionality and artistic expression.

As an island nation, Sri Lanka's naval technology held immense importance. The expertise in maritime activities, including trade and cultural exchange, was a defining feature of ancient Sri Lankan civilization.

While neighbouring India influenced some technological features, Sri Lanka adapted them to suit local cultural and environmental factors. This fusion gave rise to excellent features that continue to endure.

These enduring features persist today, maintaining relevance in the modern world. Their existence serves as a bridge between the past and the present, offering insights into cultural and historical practices.

Situated in the heart of Sri Lanka, Polonnaruwa emerges as a hub of ancient technology. With its rich historical tapestry, this city provides a glimpse into past technological advancements.

The Bisokotuva reservoir in Polonnaruwa stands as a testament to ancient engineering prowess. Its impact on agriculture and society in Polonnaruwa underscores the crucial role of technology in shaping communities. Polonnaruwa boasts impressive Stupa architecture, seamlessly integrated into the local culture and environment. These structures' presence adds to the city's touristic and historical allure.

Exploring metal artifacts in Polonnaruwa reveals ancient craftsmanship's functional aspects and artistic brilliance. These artifacts serve as tangible links to a bygone era. The naval heritage in Polonnaruwa, tied to maritime trade and cultural exchange, provides a glimpse into the interconnectedness of ancient civilizations. Efforts to conserve and display naval artifacts contribute to preserving this rich heritage.

Efforts to incorporate ancient technology into modern education are underway, fostering awareness and understanding. Initiatives to bridge the gap between old and modern technology ensure these valuable insights are quickly recovered.

In a significant stride towards preserving and sharing the rich history of technological advancements, Sri Lanka unveiled its first wax museum at the Ancient Technology Museum in Polonnaruwa in November 2019. Drawing inspiration from the renowned Madame Tussauds, this museum is a unique testament to the country's commitment to enlightening present and future generations about ancient technical know-how and expertise.



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