sigiriya Lion rock
About City of Sigiriya

Sigiriya, also identified as the Lion's Rock, is a rock fortress and a castle found in the Matale district of Sri Lanka. Gardens, ponds and other structures surround this ruin. King Kassapa built Sigiriya, and it is included as a World Heritage site. Sigiriya is the best-preserved city centre in Asia.

Furthermore, Pidurangala Rock, located next to Sigiriya, gives equally grand panoramas of the surrounding region, a well-known cave complex of its own, several unimaginable views facing the legendary Sigiriya rock.

Why Sigiriya popular among tourist ?

Sigirya Lion Rock


In that written history, the rock-shelter mountain was used as a monastery that Buddhist enthusiasts granted. Following this, King Kassapa restored it by building gardens and a castle. Later, following his passing, it was repeatedly utilized as a monastery.

At its most immediate, human habituation in Sigiriya was found to be approximately five thousand years throughout the Mesophilic period.

Rock inscriptions are carved near the drip edges on several of the shelters, recording the donation of the caves to the Buddhist monastic order as residences. These have been made within the period between the third century B.C and the first century A.D.

In 1831 Major Jonathan Forbes of the 78th Highlanders of the British army, while returning on horseback from a journey to Polonnaruwa, came across the "bush covered summit of Sigiriya". Sigiriya came to the attention of historians and following archaeologists.

The Sigiriya Complex consists of the central rock and two rectangular precincts, enclosed by moats and three walls. The centre is based on a conventional module.

Formation of The Lion Rock

The Sigiriya Rock is a compacted magma fitting from an ancient volcano. The most significant feature of the rock would be the Lion staircase leading to the castle garden. The Lion could be imagined as a prominent figure towering against the granite façade. The entrance of the Lion leads to the staircase constructed of bricks and wood. But, the only remains of these grand structures are the two paws and the masonry cliffs surrounding that. Although, the cuts and groves in the rock face present an impression of a lion shape.

The Gardens

The gardens are amongst the most magnificent landscaped fields. The gardens are separated into three different but connected structures; water fields, cave and fieldstone gardens, and terraced patios.


There are just two pouches of art covering most of the western front of the rock. The females represented in the paintings have been recognized as Sigiri Apsaras. Unfortunately, though, several of these pictures were washed out when the Castle held again transformed into a monastery.

The Mirror Walls

Initially, those walls were so glossy that the king could view himself whilst he walked beside Castle. Built from porcelain, the wall is now partly overlaid with lyrics written by visitors to the rock dating from the 8th century. Writing on the mirror surface has presently been forbidden.

Pidurangala Rock

Pidurangala Rock is a secret treasure now gradually gaining notoriety gratitude to the cult of getting Instagram influencers who have sealed the site's future as one of the most spectacular places in the region. Still, Pidurangala Rock also plans to appeal to its exciting story. This is intimately attached to the Lion Rock, the Sigiriya Rock Fortress, and the king who made it his royal residence.


The inscription has it that after King Kashyapa (477 to 495 AD) assumed the authority by performing patricide, he feared punishment by his brother, the lawful heir. He thus scouted for a protected place to build his Castle. The king has relocated the Buddhist monks holding the cave complex at Sigiriya Rock to a unique monastery in Pidurangala identified as "Uppalavanna Kashyapa Giri Temple", made under his assistance. Another common belief is that the site was home to monks querying retirement even ere King Kashyapa. Its historical significance melted and flowed since the first and second centuries B.C.
You can rest assured that the magnificent eyeful of the rock fortress flanked by a rolling lake and land prospects are sure to make you forget the critical climb and how motivated you were to turn back midway!

How to reach Sigiriya ?

Rent a Car or Taxi 

It's the most reliable method to reach. On the road, you've got a couple of paths that drive you to Sigiriya. The popular tour guides the Kandy Road to the city of Ambepussa, where turn to Kurunegala on the A06 road around 3 hours drive should be able to reach Sigiriya. (around 165km from Colombo)

On the other road, use Katunayake Expressway. Drive-up from the Bandaranaike international airport, next drive straight through. After that, obey the drive to the city called Minuwangoda and go to Giriulla and subsequently Kurunegala. Of Kurunegala, proceed onward the A06 road towards Dambulla and extend 10km forward the A06 till reach Inamaluwa Junction. Then you can view signage that directs onto Sigiriya rock on the B162 route for about 10 minutes. Or, if you're arriving from Habarana, get over the Polonnaruwa Road A11 and proceed for 3km and turn-off to the B294 road and you can reach Sigiriya around 15 minutes.  

By Train

The nearest railroad station to Sigiriya in Habarana and is around 15km away. Just one train runs daily, making conditions a tiny inconvenience except for the time of your journey respectively. However, thinking about the travel duration and comfort is a little pricey while thinking out your choices.

By Air

Cinnamon Air conducts regular domestic terminal flights in Katunayake AirPort to the Air Force airstrip in Sigiriya. About USD 200-250 per person, the usual costly access to get beyond. However, the adventure you capture up in the air is unlike others.


Top attractions around Sigiriya



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