Kaudulla national park – Habarana
Kaudulla national park is the newly established national park near the city of Habarana, Sri Lanka. Kaudulla is in the country and has excellent potential for viewing elephants and other species of wildlife.
Topography is varied with hills, lowlands, forest and scrubland. Kaudulla is an old irrigation tank with a capacity of 104,000 feet acres. The primary source of water is a giant canal which is around the tank. The central annual rainfall is about 1500-2000 mm; the mean annual temperature is 20°C.
The national park vegetation consists of tropical dry mixed evergreen forests, abandoned chena cultivated lands, grasslands and wetlands. Tropical dry mixed evergreen forest predominated.
Twenty-four species of mammals in Sri Lanka have been recorded from this park. The several majors of them is the wild elephant, the population of which is about 200. Twenty-six species of fish are found in the reservoir; these fish are economically important. In this park, 435 species of birds are reported to be endemic birds to Sri Lanka.