Belihuloya: A Hidden Gem in Sri Lanka

Welcome to Belihuloya, a picturesque town nestled in the heart of Sri Lanka. With its breathtaking landscapes, adventurous activities, and rich cultural heritage, Belihuloya offers a unique and unforgettable travel experience. So whether you’re an adrenaline junkie seeking thrilling adventures or a nature lover looking for tranquillity, this hidden gem has something for everyone.

Location and Geography

Belihuloya is located in the Ratnapura District of Sri Lanka, approximately 150 kilometres southeast of Colombo. Situated at 616 meters above sea level, the town has a diverse geography, including lush green mountains, meandering rivers, and cascading waterfalls. The region’s tropical climate ensures pleasant weather throughout the year, making it an ideal destination for outdoor activities.

Attractions and Activities

Scenic Beauty and Landscapes

Belihuloya is renowned for its breathtaking natural beauty. They are awe-inspiring panoramic views of the town’s surroundings, which include lush tea estates, undulating hills, and mist-covered mountains. Take a leisurely walk through the tea plantations, breathe in the fresh mountain air, and immerse yourself in the tranquillity of the surroundings.

Trekking and Hiking Trails

Adventure enthusiasts can explore the trekking and hiking trails that crisscross the area. From gentle walks along riverside paths to challenging hikes up the rugged terrains, Belihuloya caters to all levels of fitness and experience. In addition, the famous Horton Plains National Park is within reach, providing thrilling adventures and rewarding vistas.

Bakers Bend is a hidden gem in the heart of the stunning Belihuloya Nanperial Estate. This picturesque tourist spot, situated at the foothills of the Horton Plains, offers a mesmerizing experience to those who venture to its breathtaking location. With an elevation of approximately 5,000 feet above sea level, Bakers Bend treats visitors to awe-inspiring views of its surroundings.

Waterfalls and Rivers

The natural beauty of these water bodies creates a serene atmosphere, perfect for relaxation and rejuvenation. Capture the mesmerizing cascades on your camera or bask in the soothing sounds of rushing water. For the more adventurous, engage in activities like river rafting or canyoning, immersing yourself in the thrilling waters.

There are several waterfalls in the region surrounding Belihuloya.
Pahanthudawa Ella waterfalls, or Galagama Ella, is a waterfall with a base resembling an oil lamp and is 4.6 metres (15 feet) tall. The Sinhala word “pahana” means “lamp,” which is whence Pahanthuda gets its name. It is around 0.93 miles (1.54 km) from Belihuloya.

At 263 metres (863 feet), Bambarakanda Ella (sometimes spelt Bambarakele Ella) is Sri Lanka’s tallest waterfall and the 299th tallest in the world. Approximately 18 kilometres (11 miles) separate it from Belihuloya.

Surathalee Ella is more accurately described as a water slide than a waterfall. This water slip is formed when water flows down the eastern slope of Mount Ellamana and follows the contours of a rock wall for a distance of around 20 metres (66 feet). Distance from Belihuloya is 8 km (5.0 mi).

As it rushes down the eastern slopes of Mt. Papulagala (1530m), the tributary of Weli Oya forms many cascades among the trees of the surrounding monsoon forest, giving the area its name of Brampton Falls. This waterfall is around 6 metres (20 feet) tall and is situated among several lesser waterfalls. It’s about 6.25 miles (10 km) away from Belihuloya.

Papulagala Ella may be found on the slopes of Mt. Papulagala in the Brampton Estate (Tea Plantation). This waterfall, created by a creek during the rains, is roughly 30 metres (98 feet) tall. Lower Hiralouvah Hirikatuwa Oya may be found around 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) from Belihuloya to the east. The parking lot for this renowned swimming spot is about 2 km down the way to the Non-Periodic State.

The Samanalawewa Dam is Sri Lanka’s second-largest hydroelectric system, producing 405 GWh of electricity annually. You’ll find the dam just 5.8 miles (or 9.4 km) south of Belihuloya.

Adventure Sports

If you seek an adrenaline rush, Belihuloya won’t disappoint. The town offers a range of adventure sports that cater to thrill-seekers. Experience the excitement of Trekking, test your rock climbing skills on rugged cliffs, Kayaking at Samanala Wewa Reservoir, or mountain biking along scenic trails. The opportunities for adventure are endless, ensuring an unforgettable experience for adrenaline junkies.

Accommodation and Facilities

Belihuloya provides a range of accommodation options to suit every traveller’s needs. From luxury hotels and resorts offering panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes to cozy guesthouses and homestays that provide an authentic local experience, you’ll find a place to unwind after a day of exploration. For those who prefer a more immersive experience, camping under the starry skies is also possible, allowing you to connect with nature on a deeper level.
Regarding dining, Belihuloya showcases the diverse flavours of Sri Lankan cuisine. Sample traditional dishes bursting with aromatic spices and fresh ingredients. Local restaurants offer various options, from mouthwatering seafood delicacies to vegetarian delights. So indulge in the culinary delights and savour the unique flavours that the region has to offer.


Cultural and Historical Significance

Belihuloya is not only a nature lover’s paradise but also a place steeped in cultural and historical significance. Explore the ancient temples and ruins that dot the area, offering a glimpse into the region’s rich heritage. Immerse yourself in traditional customs and festivals, where vibrant processions, intricate costumes, and rhythmic music showcase the local traditions. Take advantage of the opportunity to learn traditional arts and crafts, such as handloom weaving and pottery, directly from skilled artisans.

Sustainable Tourism and Ecotourism

Belihuloya takes pride in its commitment to sustainable tourism and ecotourism practices. The region actively engages in conservation efforts to preserve its natural beauty and protect the diverse wildlife. As a responsible traveller, you can contribute by following ethical tourism practices, such as minimizing plastic waste, respecting wildlife habitats, and supporting local conservation initiatives. By being mindful of your impact on the environment, you can help ensure the long-term sustainability of Belihuloya’s natural treasures. Seelogama Tourism Village is the most popular sustainable tourism project in Belihuloya.

Getting to Belihuloya

Belihuloya is easily accessible from major cities in Sri Lanka. If you’re arriving by air, the nearest international airport is Bandaranaike International Airport in Colombo. From there, you can take a taxi or a private transfer to Belihuloya, which is approximately a 4-hour drive. If you’re already in Sri Lanka, you can take a scenic train journey from Colombo to Haputale or Bandarawela and then continue your travel to Belihuloya by road.

Best Time to Visit

Belihuloya can be visited annually, as the region enjoys a pleasant climate. However, the best time to visit depends on your preferences and the activities you wish to engage in. From December to March, the dry season offers clear skies and comfortable temperatures, ideal for outdoor activities like hiking and wildlife safaris. On the other hand, the wet season, from April to November, brings lush greenery and is perfect for those who appreciate the beauty of rainy landscapes and the gushing waterfalls.
Additionally, Belihuloya hosts various festivals and cultural events throughout the year, providing a unique insight into the local traditions. Plan your visit to coincide with festivals like the Sinhala and Tamil New Year in April or the Esala Perahera in July or August to witness vibrant celebrations and immerse yourself in the region’s cultural richness.

Safety and Travel Tips

To ensure a safe and enjoyable trip to Belihuloya, consider the following tips:

  1. Health and Safety Precautions: Stay hydrated, use sunscreen, and carry insect repellent to protect yourself from the sun and insects. It’s also advisable to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies.
  2. Local Customs and Etiquette: Respect the local customs and traditions by dressing modestly, removing your shoes when entering temples, and asking for permission before taking photographs of people.
  3. Essential Items to Pack: Pack comfortable clothing and shoes for outdoor activities. Remember to bring a raincoat or umbrella when visiting during the rainy season. A reusable water bottle, a hat, and a camera are also recommended.
  4. Language and Communication: While English is spoken in tourist areas, learning a few basic Sinhala phrases can enhance your interactions with the locals and show respect for their culture.
  5. Guided Tours and Local Knowledge: Consider hiring a local guide who can provide valuable insights into the region’s history, culture, and natural attractions. They can also assist in organizing activities and ensure your safety.


FAQ 1: What are the famous adventure sports in Belihuloya?

Belihuloya offers a range of adventure sports, including rock climbing, mountain biking, and Trekking. These activities excite adrenaline while allowing you to explore the region’s breathtaking landscapes.

FAQ 2: Are there any restrictions on photography in nature reserves?

While photography is generally allowed in nature reserves, it’s essential to respect the guidelines and regulations set by the authorities. In addition, some sensitive areas or endangered species may have restrictions on photography to ensure their protection.

FAQ 3: How can I support the conservation efforts in Belihuloya?

You can support the conservation efforts in Belihuloya by practising responsible tourism, minimizing your environmental impact, and supporting local initiatives that focus on nature preservation and wildlife conservation.

FAQ 4: Can I visit Belihuloya as a solo traveller?

Yes, Belihuloya is a safe and welcoming destination for solo travellers. You can enjoy the natural beauty, engage in activities, and connect with the locals who will make your journey memorable.

FAQ 5: What are some local delicacies to try in Belihuloya?

Belihuloya offers a range of delicious local delicacies that you must try. Some popular dishes include:

  • Kola Kanda: A nutritious porridge made from a blend of green leaves, herbs, and spices. It is known for its health benefits and unique flavour.
  • Ambul Thiyal: A traditional Sri Lankan fish curry prepared with sour ingredients like goraka (Garcinia cambogia), giving it a tangy and rich flavour.
  • Kiribath with Lunu Miris: Kiribath, a coconut milk-infused rice cake, is often served with Lunu Miris, a spicy onion and chilli relish. It is a staple breakfast dish in Sri Lanka.
  • Woodapple Juice: Woodapple, also known as “diol,” is a tropical fruit with a sweet and tangy taste. Its juice is refreshing and popular in Belihuloya.
  • Hoppers: Thin, crispy pancakes made from fermented rice flour batter. They can be enjoyed plain or with various toppings, such as eggs or coconut sambal.

These are just a few examples of the culinary delights you can savour in Belihuloya. So take advantage of the opportunity to indulge in the local flavours and experience authentic Sri Lankan cuisine.

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