Jaffna is located in northern Sri Lanka. It is situated on a flat, arid peninsula near the island’s northern extremity. It is a commercial centre for agricultural products from the arm and adjacent islands, and it is connected to the rest of the country by road and train. Jaffna is no longer an important port, but it still does some business with southern India. Fishing is vital to the economy.
For centuries before Europeans took it, Jaffna was the capital of a Tamil state, and the city retains many distinct Tamil cultural elements. Jaffna was the Portuguese’s final holding in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) before the Dutch captured it in 1658. Jaffna is a Portuguese translation of the Tamil term “port of the lyre.” The Dutch left behind a fort, a chapel, and Kandaswamy Kovil, a well-known Hindu temple.
After 1795, the British controlled Jaffna until 1948, when they ceded the island. Jaffna was a fortress of a Tamil separatist guerrilla group from 1983 until 1995. When it was captured by Sri Lankan government forces in 1995, chunks of the city were destroyed. On the other hand, Jaffna experienced insurgent conflict well into the twenty-first century. A massive tsunami induced by a powerful earthquake in the Indian Ocean near Indonesia devastated the city in December 2004, causing painful death and devastation. Jaffna district population is around 600,000.
Attractions in Jaffna
The inhabitants’ warmth will undoubtedly amaze any visitor to this area. So, if you’re looking for a resort that offers majesty and good hospitality to visitors, Jaffna should be on your list. In addition, this town’s transportation system is excellent, making it simple for visitors to go around for sightseeing or shopping. The following are some of the best sites to visit in Jaffna.
Places to visit in Jaffna
How to reach Jaffna
Jaffna is accessible by road from most Sri Lankan towns and by train from Colombo. The most common method to go to Jaffna is to fly to Colombo and then take the road or rail, depending on your degree of comfort. Travelling inside the city is straightforward, with numerous taxis and tuk-tuks patrolling the streets throughout the day.
The railway, which goes through the heart of Sri Lanka via Anuradhapura, is the shortest and most picturesque route from Colombo to Jaffna.
The train from Colombo Fort to Jaffna runs five times daily, with the first departure at 05:45 am and the last out at 20:30. It takes about 7 to 8 hours, with the busiest portion between Anuradhapura and Colombo. So make sure your seat reservations are in functioning condition before then.
Going from Colombo to Jaffna by overnight bus is feasible, but we recommend breaking up the route by overnighting in Kandy or Dambulla.