Rumassala hill – Galle


Rumassala hill is located just over 5 kilometres from Galle Fort. It is a popular attraction and natural wonder steeped in mythological stories. According to the chronicle of the Ramayana, the hill is believed to be a part of the Himalayan Mountain Range, as exotic flora that can only be found in the Himalayas flourish here.
Assigned as a wildlife sanctuary, Rumassala Hill is a haven for both endemic and migratory birds and the perfect place for bird-watching enthusiasts.

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With its captivating history and vibrant culture, Sri Lanka beckons travellers from around the world. It is a land where legends come alive, mythical tales intertwine with reality, and enchanting sites preserve the echoes of ancient times. Among the many fascinating destinations in Sri Lanka, Rumassala Hill stands out as a place of natural beauty and mythical wonder. With its folklore and legend, Rumassala Sri Lanka is a must-visit for history enthusiasts, nature lovers, and beach fanatics alike. So, don't miss the opportunity to explore this great site on your trip to Sri Lanka.

Rumassala Hill's Top Attractions

As you ascend Rumassala Hill, you'll encounter a treasure trove of remarkable attractions that showcase the rich heritage of Sri Lanka. The serene Peace Pagoda, built under the guidance of the Nipponzan Myohoji Nikaya founder from Japan, graces the hilltop, offering a place of tranquillity and spiritual reflection. Don't miss the chance to visit 'The Buona Vista School,' an ancient learning institution with a fascinating history. Another captivating feature is the Buddhist Theme Park, an evolving site centred around an Elders Home in Rumassala. These attractions are a testament to the harmonious blend of history, spirituality, and natural beauty that Rumassala Hill offers.

The Myth of Rumassala Hill

The myth of Rumassala Hill is closely intertwined with the epic Sanskrit tale, the Ramayana. According to the legend, Lord Rama's wife, Sita, was abducted by the demon king Ravana and taken far away to the island of Sri Lanka. Determined to rescue her, Rama and his younger brother Lakshmana and the immortal monkey demi-god Hanuman embarked on a perilous journey. After a fierce battle, Rama dispatched Hanuman to retrieve the miraculous herbs from the Holy Sanjeevi mountain to heal Lakshmana's wounds. In the act of extraordinary power, Hanuman carried the entire mountain but dropped fragments along the way. One of these fragments is believed to have become Rumassala Hill.

The Legend's Influence on Rumassala's Name

Renowned historian and physician C. G. Uragoda suggest that the name Rumassala is a corruption of the Sanskrit word 'Ramasala,' meaning 'Rama's Hall.' Additionally, Uragoda theorizes that the name Unawatuna, a nearby town, may derive from the Sinhala phrase 'onna we tuna,' translating to 'there, it fell.' This alludes to the belief that Rumassala Hill was formed when a mountain fragment dropped from the sky.

Unexplained Mysteries of Rumassala Hill

Rumassala Hill is not only shrouded in legend but also harbours intriguing mysteries. The hill is renowned for its wide variety of herbs, with researchers identifying and cataloguing around 150 unique species. Among these, the 'Kalu Nika' herb is believed to possess magical properties. Remarkably, these herbs are exclusive to Rumassala Hill and do not grow anywhere else nearby. This peculiar phenomenon aligns with the Ramayana legend and suggests that the hill's soil properties differ from the surrounding landscape. Interestingly, the herb species found on Rumassala Hill closely resemble those found on Ritigala Mountain, another site associated with Hanuman's dropped fragment.

Rumassala's Scientific Significance

Beyond the realm of myth and legend, Rumassala Hill carries scientific significance. Sir Arthur C. Clarke, the visionary scientist in Sri Lanka, made intriguing discoveries regarding Rumassala's unique features. Clarke found evidence of a magnetic anomaly, suggesting that Rumassala might result from a meteorite impact. This hypothesis opens up possibilities of other-worldly plant life and gives credence to the hill's mystical aura. Moreover, Rumassala's gravitational field is shallow, leading to satellites losing their orbits when passing overhead—a phenomenon that adds to the hill's enigmatic allure.

Rumassala's Historical Importance

During Sri Lanka's colonial era, Rumassala Hill was referred to as 'Buono Vista,' likely derived from the Spanish phrase 'Buena Vista,' meaning 'good view.' The hill's captivating coastal vistas made it a noteworthy landmark for ships traversing the Indian Ocean's maritime routes. Ships often stopped at the southern end of Rumassala to replenish their fresh water supplies before embarking on arduous voyages. Today, the remnants of the old jetty serve as a diving platform for the local youth, reminiscent of the hill's historical significance.

Biodiversity and Natural Beauty of Rumassala

Rumassala Hill is not only steeped in history but also boasts remarkable biodiversity. The hill is home to many rare medicinal plants, each with its unique significance in traditional Sri Lankan remedies. Researchers have documented numerous endemic bird, reptile, and mammal species inhabiting the hill's verdant landscape. The turquoise waters surrounding Rumassala teem with vibrant marine life, creating a picturesque haven for divers and snorkelers. Immerse yourself in the breathtaking beauty of Rumassala and discover its natural wonders.

In the realm of Sri Lanka's cultural marvels, Rumassala Hill stands as a testament to the country's enchanting folklore and mystical allure. With its blend of fascinating legends, unexplained mysteries, and natural splendour, Rumassala offers visitors a truly unique experience. From the serene Peace Pagoda to the intriguing herb species exclusive to the hill, every aspect of Rumassala tells a story deeply rooted in history and myth. So, venture to this mythical wonderland, soak in its beauty, and let the legends of Rumassala captivate your imagination.


1. Is Rumassala Hill a popular tourist destination in Sri Lanka?

Rumassala Hill is a popular tourist destination in Sri Lanka due to its historical significance, natural beauty, and connection to ancient legends.

2. Can visitors climb Rumassala Hill?

Yes, visitors can climb Rumassala Hill to explore its attractions, enjoy panoramic views, and experience the tranquil ambience of the surroundings.

3. Are there any accommodations near Rumassala Hill?

Yes, several accommodations are available in the nearby town of Unawatuna, offering convenient access to Rumassala Hill and its surroundings.

4. Can visitors learn about the Ramayana legend at Rumassala?

Yes, Rumassala allows visitors to learn about the Ramayana legend through various monuments, statues, and cultural attractions on the hill.



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