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Kalawana

Kalawana stands as a testament to the natural beauty and cultural richness of Sri Lanka, nestled within the Ratnapura District of the Sabaragamuwa Province. This town, with a population of 51,307, is a vibrant community that has traditionally thrived on the gem trade, tea plantations, and, more recently, tourism. Its strategic location, approximately 30 km from Ratnapura and 100 km southeast of Colombo, makes it an accessible retreat into nature’s splendor for locals and tourists.

Total Population

51,307

GN Divisions

33

Kalawana

The economic lifeblood of Kalawana has long been its involvement in the gem trade, a sector that showcases Sri Lanka’s rich deposits of precious stones. Alongside this, the town’s tea plantations paint its rolling hills green, contributing significantly to the national economy and the global tea market. In recent decades, tourism has emerged as a key component of Kalawana’s economy, spurred by its natural attractions and cultural heritage.

One of Kalawana’s most prized natural treasures is its proximity to the Sinharaja Forest Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage site recognized for its exceptional biodiversity. This dense rainforest is a haven for endemic species, including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, making it a critical area for conservation efforts and eco-tourism. Visitors to Kalawana often embark on excursions to Sinharaja to experience one of the last remaining virgin rainforests in the world.

Adding to Kalawana’s geographical and economic significance is the Kukule Ganga Dam, situated in the area on the Kukule river. This dam is a source of hydroelectric power and a point of interest for those keen on understanding the balance between technological development and environmental preservation. The dam’s reservoir adds to the region’s scenic beauty, offering picturesque views against the backdrop of lush landscapes.

Kalawana’s climate is characteristic of Sri Lanka’s wet zone, with abundant rainfall throughout the year ensuring the lushness of its vegetation and the fertility of its lands. The average daytime temperature hovers around 30 degrees Celsius, accompanied by high humidity, which contributes to the growth of its dense forests and tea plantations. This climate has also fostered the rich biodiversity that thrives in and around the town, making it a unique ecosystem within the country.

GN CodeName in English
005Kodippilikanda
010Jathuwangoda
015Meepagama
020Kukulegama North
025Samanpura
030Kalawana West
035Thapassarakanda
040Koswatta
045Kukulegama South
050Pitigalakanda
055Wewagama
060Davugalagama
065Wembiyagoda
070Kalawana East
075Wewelkandura
080Hangarangala
085Wathurawa
090Delgoda East
095Delgoda West
100Weddagala West
105Weddagala East
110Kudumiriya
115Thanabela
120Rambuka
125Dolekanda
130Kathlana
135Gangalagamuwa
140Panapola
145Kudawa
150Hapugoda
155Pothupitiya North
160Pothupitiya South
165Ilumbakanda
  • Police Station: 045-2255222 / 045-2255922
  • Hospital: +94 452 255 261
KALAWANA WEATHER

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