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List of Ruled Kings, Years and Capital Cities in Sri Lanka

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  • List of Ruled Kings, Years and Capital Cities in Sri Lanka
List of Ruled Kings, Years and Capital Cities in Sri Lanka

The Sri Lankan Royal Dynasty, tracing its roots back to 543 BC, is a testament to the resilience and endurance of a lineage that lasted over 2350 years. In the pages of the Mahavamsa, the Great Chronicle of Sri Lanka, penned by the Venerable Thera Mahanama in the 6th century AD, we find the vivid narrative of this enduring royal saga.

The journey commences with the arrival of King Vijaya in 543 BC, marking the genesis of a dynasty that faced numerous challenges in its infancy. From territorial struggles to internal conflicts, the early years were a testing ground for the nascent royal lineage.

However, the march of time brought challenges that proved impossible. The decline of the dynasty culminated in the invasion by British forces in 1815, leading to the capture of the final Kandyan King, Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe. This marked the end of an era that had endured for over two millennia.

The resonance of the Sri Lankan Royal Dynasty extends beyond the pages of history books. Popular culture, including literature and cinema, has depicted this royal saga, offering varied interpretations that add layers to the narrative.

Name of the King 

Ruled Period

Year 

Capital

Vijaya( Arrived in Sri Lanka from India)

38 Years

543 – 505 BC

Thammanna Nuwara

Upathissa

01 Year

505 – 504 BC

Upathissa Nuwara

Panduwasa Dewa

30 Years

504 -474 BC

Upathissa Nuwara

Abhaya

20 Years

474 – 454 BC

Upathissa Nuwara

Pandukabhaya

70 Years

437 – 367 BC

Anuradhapura

Mutasiwa

60 Years

367 – 307 BC

Anuradhapura

Devanampiyathissa

40 Years

307 – 267 BC

Anuradhapura

Uththiya

10 Years

267 – 257 BC

Anuradhapura

Mahasiwa

10 Years

257 – 247 BC

Anuradhapura

Surathissa

10 Years

247 – 237 BC

Anuradhapura

Sana & Guththika

10 Years

237 – 215 BC

Anuradhapura

Asela

10 Years

215 – 205 BC

Anuradhapura

Elara

44 Years

205 – 161 BC

Anuradhapura

Dutugemunu

24 Years

161 – 137 BC

Anuradhapura

Saddhathissa

18 Years

137 – 119 BC

Anuradhapura

Thullaththana

01 Month

119– BC

Anuradhapura

Lanjithissa

10 Years 

119 – 109 BC

Anuradhapura

Kallathanaga

06 Years

109 – 103 BC

Anuradhapura

Wattagamini Abhaya

05 Month

103 BC

Anuradhapura

Walagamba

12- Years 

89 – 76 BC

Anuradhapura

Pualahattha

03 Years

103 – 100 BC

Anuradhapura

Bhahiya

02 Years

100 – 98 BC

Anuradhapura

Panayamara

07 Years

98 – 91 BC

Anuradhapura

Piliyamara

07 Month

91 – 90 BC

Anuradhapura

Dhatiya

02 Years

90 – 89 BC

Anuradhapura

Mahasilu Mahathissa

14 Years

76 — 62 BC

Anuradhapura

Choranaga

12 Years

62 – 50 BC

Anuradhapura

Thissa ( Kuda Thissa )

03 Years

50 – 47 BC

Anuradhapura

Anula & Her Husbonds–

04 Years

47 – 42 BC

Anuradhapura

Kutakannathissa

22 Years

42 – 20 BC

Anuradhapura

Bhathiya , Bhathika Abhaya, Bhathiya Thissa

28 Years

20 BC – 09 AC

Anuradhapura

Mahadathiya Mahanaga

12 Years

09 – 21 AC

Anuradhapura

Amanda Gamini

09 Years-

21 – 30 AC

Anuradhapura

Kanirajanuthissa

03 Years

30 – 33 AC

Anuradhapura

Chulabhaya

02 Years

33 – 35 AC

Anuradhapura

Queen Seewali

04 Month

35 AC

Anuradhapura

Eylanaga

09- Years

35 – 44 AC

Anuradhapura

Chandramukhaseewa

08 Years

44 – 52 AC

Anuradhapura

Yasalalakathissa

08 Years 

52 – 60 AC

Anuradhapura

Subharaja

06 Years

60 – 66 AC

Anuradhapura

Wasabha

44 Years

66 – 110 AC

Anuradhapura

Wankanasikathissa

03 Years

110 – 113 AC

Anuradhapura

Gajaba – I

22 Years

113 – 135 AC

Anuradhapura

Mahallakhanagha

06 Years

135 – 141 AC

Anuradhapura

Bhathiya Thissa – II

24 Years

141 – 165 AC

Anuradhapura

Kanitthathissa

28 Years

165 – 193 AC

Anuradhapura

Chulanaga ( Kujjanaga )

02 Years

193 – 195 AC

Anuradhapura

Kunchanaga

01 Years

195 – 196 AC

Anuradhapura

Sirinaga

19 Years

196 – 215 AC

Anuradhapura

Voharikathissa

22 Years

215 – 236 AC

Anuradhapura

Abhayanaga

08 Years

236 – 244 AC

Anuradhapura

Sirinaga – II

08 Years

244 – 246 AC

Anuradhapura

Vijayakumara

01 Year

246 – 247 AC

Anuradhapura

Sangathissa

04 Years

247 – 251 AC

Anuradhapura

Sirisangabhodhi ( Sirisagabo )

02 Years

251 – 253 AC

Anuradhapura

Ghotabhaya

13 Years

253 – 266 AC

Anuradhapura

Detuthis – I ( Jettathissa )

10 Years-

266 – 276 AC

Anuradhapura

Mahasen

27 Years

276 – 303 AC

Anuradhapura

Sirimewan

28 Years

303 – 331 AC

Anuradhapura

Detuthissa – II

09 Years

331 – 340 AC

Anuradhapura

Buddhadasa

29 Years

340 – 369 AC

Anuradhapura

Upathissa – I

42 Years

369 – 410 AC

Anuradhapura

Mahanama

22 Years

410 – 432 AC

Anuradhapura

Soththisena

01 Day

432 AC

Anuradhapura

Chaththagrahaka

01 Year

432 – 433 AC

Anuradhapura

Miththasena

01 Years

433 – 434 AC

Anuradhapura

Pandu

 

434 – 459 AC

Anuradhapura

Parinda

 

434 – 459 AC

Anuradhapura

Kudaparinda

 

434 – 459 AC

Anuradhapura

Thirithara

 

434 – 459 AC

Anuradhapura

Dhatiya

 

434 – 459 AC

Anuradhapura

Phitiya

 

434 – 459 AC

Anuradhapura

Dhatusena

18 Years

459 – 477 AC

Anuradhapura

Kashayapa

18 Years

477 – 495 AC

Anuradhapura

Mugalan — I

18 Years

495 – 512 AC

Anuradhapura

Kumara Dhathusena 

09 Years

512 – 521 AC

Anuradhapura

Keerthisena

09 Month

521 AC

Anuradhapura

Siwa

25 Days

521 AC

Anuradhapura

Upathissa – II

01 Year

521 – 522 AC

Anuradhapura

Silakala

13 Years

522 – 535 AC

Anuradhapura

Dathappabhuthi

06 Month

535 AC

Anuradhapura

Mugalan — III

20 Years

535 – 555 AC

Anuradhapura

Keerthi Sri Megawarna 

19 Years

555 – 573 AC

Anuradhapura

Mahanaga

03 years

573- -575 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo – 

34 Years

575 – 608 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo – III

10 Years

608 – 618 AC

Anuradhapura

Sangathissa

02 Month

618 AC

Anuradhapura

Mugalan – III

05 Years

618 – 623 AC

Anuradhapura

Shilamegawarna 

09 Years

623 – 632 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo – III

06 Month

632 AC

Anuradhapura

Jetthathissa III

05 Month

632 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo- – III

16 Years

632 – 648 AC

Anuradhapura

Dathasiwa – I

02 Years

648 – 650 AC

Anuradhapura

Kashayapa — II

09 years

650 – 659 AC

Anuradhapura

Dappula – I

03 Years

659 – 662 AC

Anuradhapura

Dhatopathissa – II

09 Years

659 – 667 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo – IV

16 Years

667 – 683 AC

Anuradhapura

Daththa

02 Years

683 – 684 AC

Anuradhapura

Haththadatha-

06 Month

684 AC

Anuradhapura

Manawamma

35 Years

684 – 719 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo – V

06 Years

719 – 725 AC

Anuradhapura

Kashshapa – III

06 Years

725 – 731 AC

Anuradhapura

Mahinda – I

03 Years

731- 733 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo- – VI

40 Years

733 – 722 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo – VII

06 Years

772 – 718 AC

Anuradhapura

Mihindu – II

20 Years

 

Anuradhapura

Dappula -II 

05 Years

797 – 802 AC

Anuradhapura

Mihindi – III

03 Years

802 – 805 AC

Anuradhapura

Agb0 – VIII

11 Years

805 – 816 AC

Anuradhapura

Dappula – III

16 Years

816 – 831 AC

Anuradhapura

Agbo – IX

02 Years

831 – 833 AC

Anuradhapura

Sena – I

20 Years

833 – 853 AC

Anuradhapura

Sena – II

35 Years

853 – 887 AC

Anuradhapura

Udaya – II

11 Years

887 – 898 AC

Anuradhapura

Kashshapa- – IV

17 Years

898 – 915 AC

Anuradhapura

Kashshapa- – V

09 Years

915 – 924 AC

Anuradhapura

Dappula – IV

07 Month

924 AC

Anuradhapura

Dappula – V

12 Years

924 – 935 AC

Anuradhapura

Udaya – II

03 Years

935 – 938 AC

Anuradhapura

Sena – III

08 Years

938 – 946 AC

Anuradhapura

Udaya – III

06 Years

946 – 952 AC

Anuradhapura

Sena – IV

03 Years

952 – 955 AC

Anuradhapura

Mihindu – IV

16 Years

955 – 972 AC

Anuradhapura

Sena – V

10 Years

972 – 982 AC

Anuradhapura

Mihindu – V

36 Years

982 – 1018 AC

Anuradhapura

Vijayabahu – I

55 Years

1055 – 1110 AC

Polonnaruwa

Jayabahu – I

01 Year

1110 AC

Polonnaruwa

Vickramabahu

21 Years

1110 – 1131 AC

Polonnaruwa

Gajaba – II

22 Years

1131 – 1153 AC

Polonnaruwa

Maha Parakramabahu – I

33 Years

1153 – 1186 AC

Polonnaruwa

Vijayabahu – II

01 Year

1186 – 1187 AC

Polonnaruwa

Mihindu- IV

05 Days

117 AC

Polonnaruwa

Nishshankamalla

09 Years

1187 – 1196 AC

Polonnaruwa

Veerabahu – I

01 Day

1196 AC

Polonnaruwa

Vickramabahu – II

03 Month

1196 AC

Polonnaruwa

Chidaganga

09 Month

1196 – 1197 AC

Polonnaruwa

Leelawathi

03 Years 

1197 – 1200 AC

Polonnaruwa

Leelawathi

01 Year 

1210 AC

Polonnaruwa

Leelawathi

07 Month 

1212 AC

Polonnaruwa

Sahasamalla

02 Years

1200- – 1202 Ac

Polonnaruwa

Kalyanawati

08 Years

1202 – 1210 AC

Polonnaruwa

Darmshoka

01 Year

1210 AC

Polonnaruwa

Anikanga

17 days

1210 AC

Polonnaruwa

Lokeshwara

09 Month

1211 AC

Polonnaruwa

Parakramapandu

03 Years

1212 – 1215 AC

Polonnaruwa

Kalinga- Maga

21 Years

1215 – 1236 AC

Polonnaruwa

Vijayabahi – III

04 Years

1220- 1224 AC

Dambadeniya

Parakramabahu – II

35 Years

1234 -1269 AC

Dambadeniya

Vijayabahu – IV

03 Years

1267 – 1270 Ac

Dambadeniya

Buvanekabahu – I

12 Years

1270 -1283 AC

Dambadeniya & Yapahuwa

Parakramabahu – III

06 Years

1287 – 1293 AC

Polonnaruwa

Buwanekabahu – II

09 Years

1293 – 1302 AC

Kurunegala

Panditha Parakramabahu – IV

24 Years

1302 – 1326 AC

Kurunegala

Buwanekabahu – III

 

Kurunegala

Vijayabahu – V

 

Kurunegala

Buvanekabahu – IV

12 Years

1341 – 1353 AC

Gampola

Parakramabahu – V

15 Years

1344 – 1359

Dedigama & Gampola

Vickramabahu – III

17 Years

1500 – 1374 AC

Gampola

Buvanekabahu – V

37 Years

1372 – 1408 AC

Gampola

Veerabahu – II

05 Years

1392 – 1397 AC

Raigama

Veeraalakeshvara

12 Years

1397 – 1410 Ac

Raigama

Parakramabahu – VI

55 Years

1412 – 1467 AC

Kotte

Jayabahu – II

05 Years

1467 – 1472 AC

Kotte

Buvanekabahu – VI

09 Years

1472 – 1480 AC

Kotte

Parakramabahu – VII

04 Years

1480 – 1484 AC

Kotte

Veeraparakramabahu – VIII

24 Years

1484- 1508 AC

Kotte

Darma Parakramabahu – IX

20 Years

1508 – 1528 AC

Kotte & Kelaniya

Vijayabahu – VII

12 Years

1510 – 1522 AC

Kotte

Buwanekabahu- – VII

30 Years-

1522 – 1551 AC

Kotte

Darmapala

46 Years

1551 – 1597 Ac

Kotte

Mayadunna

60 Years

1521 – 1581 AC

Seethawaka

Rajasinghe – I

39 years

1554 – 1593 AC

Seethawaka

Don Pilip

01 Year

1591 AC

Kandy

Wimaladarmasuriya – I

13 years

 

Kandy 

Senarath

31 Years

1604 1635 AC

Kandy 

Rajasinghe – II

52 Years

1635 – 1687 AC

Kandy 

Wimaladarmasuriya – II

20 Years

1687 – 1707 AC

Kandy 

Narendrasinghe

32 Years

1707 – 1739 AC

Kandy

Vijaya Rajasinghe

08 Years

1739 – 1747 AC

Kandy

Keerthi Sri Rajasinghe

35 years

1747 – 1782 AC

Kandy 

Radhaji Rajasinghe

16 Years

1782 – 1798 AC

Kandy

Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe

17 Years

1798 – 1815 AC

Kandy

Sources – Mahavansa by N.C. Panda (Author), Wilhelm Geiger (Author)

 

 

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