Maduru Oya National Park


The park occupies the Polonnaruwa-Batticaloa road and Mahiyangana-Padiyathalawa road in Ampara Buddulla and Polonnaruwa and crosses the border within Eastern and Uva provinces, Sri Lanka.
The easiest route from Colombo is via Kurunegala, Habarana, Dambulla, Polonnaruwa and Manamitiya. It is around 265km from Colombo.
Degeneration of the pre-Cambrian rock has formed a mature mantle and undulating peneplain, broken by several prominent remnants of erosion (rock lands and ridges). The topographic feature is the 8km long area of the Rocky Mountains in the park's southwest. The location of the park is 58,7850ha. The park was increased in the east from its original size of 51,468ha on 16 th September 1985.to provide different habitats for wildlife and ensure the protection of the important catchments of the NDK reservoir. Condition is mainly inspired by the northeast monsoon, or Maha, which lasts from October to late January.

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Maduru Oya National Park is a pristine wildlife reserve located in the eastern part of Sri Lanka. With its rich biodiversity and captivating landscapes, this national park offers nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers a unique and unforgettable experience. Covering an area of approximately 58,800 hectares, Maduru Oya National Park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, making it a must-visit destination for those seeking to explore the natural wonders of Sri Lanka.

Maduru Oya National Park was officially declared a protected area in 1983 to preserve its unique ecosystems and safeguard the wildlife inhabiting the region. The park encompasses the catchment area of the Maduru Oya Reservoir, which plays a crucial role in providing irrigation water to the surrounding agricultural lands.

Geographical Features

Flora and Fauna

Maduru Oya National Park boasts a remarkable diversity of plant and animal species. Dry evergreen forests, moist mixed forests, and grasslands characterize the park. The dominant tree species include teak, palu, ebony, and satinwood. The park is also adorned with vibrant flowering plants, adding splashes of colour to its picturesque landscapes.

The park is home to an impressive array of wildlife. Among the mammals found here are elephants, sloth bears, leopards, deer, and wild boars. The birdlife is equally amazing, with over 150 species recorded in the park, including endemic and migratory birds. Reptiles, amphibians, and fish also thrive in the diverse ecosystems of Maduru Oya National Park.

Landscapes and Ecosystems

Maduru Oya National Park boasts a diverse range of landscapes and ecosystems. The park is traversed by the Maduru Oya River, which forms a scenic backdrop as it meanders through the wilderness. The river creates several water bodies and small cascades, providing a vital water source for the park's inhabitants.

Rocky outcrops, grassy plains, and dense forests also characterize the park. The varied terrain offers a unique habitat for various species, allowing visitors to witness the dynamic ecosystem interactions.


Maduru Oya National Park is renowned for its abundant wildlife, making it a paradise for nature enthusiasts. The park provides a haven for numerous mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.


The park is famous for its elephant population, and visitors can witness these majestic creatures in their natural habitat. Other mammals spotted in the park include sloth bears, leopards, deer, wild boars, and other smaller mammals.


Birdwatchers will be delighted by the avian diversity in Maduru Oya National Park. The park is home to numerous resident and migratory bird species. Among them are the Sri Lanka junglefowl, grey-headed fish eagle, crested hawk-eagle, painted stork, and lesser adjutant.


Maduru Oya National Park is home to various reptiles, including multiple species of snakes, lizards, and turtles. The park provides a suitable environment for these reptiles to thrive and is crucial in their conservation.


The park is also home to numerous species of amphibians, including frogs, toads, and newts. These creatures add to the rich biodiversity of Maduru Oya National Park.


Several species of fish inhabit the rivers and water bodies within the park. Fishing enthusiasts can enjoy angling and observe the diverse fish species that call Maduru Oya National Park their home.


Maduru Oya National Park is recognized for its remarkable biodiversity. The coexistence of diverse ecosystems within the park contributes to the high species richness and endemism found in the region. The preservation of this biodiversity is of utmost importance to ensure the long-term sustainability of the park's ecosystems.

Visitor Information

How to Get There

Maduru Oya National Park can be accessed via Aralaganwila, approximately 23 kilometres from the park's entrance. Aralaganwila can be reached by road from major cities in Sri Lanka. Private vehicles or hired taxis are the most convenient means of transportation to reach the park.

Entrance Fees and Permits

To enter Maduru Oya National Park, visitors must obtain an entry permit and pay the applicable entrance fees. These fees contribute to the conservation efforts and maintenance of the park. Before planning a visit, it is advisable to check the latest information regarding prices and permits.

Accommodation Options

While no accommodation facilities are inside Maduru Oya National Park, several options are available in the nearby towns. Visitors can choose from various guesthouses, hotels, and eco-lodges located near the park.

Safety Tips

When visiting Maduru Oya National Park, it is essential to follow safety guidelines to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Some important safety tips include staying within designated areas, maintaining a safe distance from wild animals, and refraining from littering or disturbing the park's ecosystems.

Activities and Attractions

Maduru Oya National Park offers various activities and attractions for visitors to enjoy the park's natural beauty.

Safari Tours

Embarking on a safari tour is one of the most popular ways to explore the park. Experienced guides lead visitors on thrilling jeep safaris, allowing them to observe wildlife up close in their natural habitats.

Bird Watching

With its diverse birdlife, Maduru Oya National Park is a haven for birdwatchers. The park's varied habitats attract a wide range of bird species, offering ample bird-watching and photography opportunities.

Photography Opportunities

Photography enthusiasts will find countless opportunities to capture stunning shots of wildlife, landscapes, and unique flora within Maduru Oya National Park. Following ethical guidelines and respecting the park's wildlife while engaging in photography is essential.

Conservation Efforts

Maduru Oya National Park faces various conservation challenges, including habitat degradation, poaching, and human-wildlife conflicts. However, concerted efforts are being made to protect and conserve the park's ecosystems.

Threats to the Park

Human encroachment, illegal activities, and climate change threaten Maduru Oya National Park significantly. Deforestation and habitat loss disrupt the delicate balance of the park's ecosystems, endangering the wildlife and plant species that rely on them.

Conservation Projects

Several conservation projects have been initiated within the park to address these threats. These projects focus on habitat restoration, wildlife monitoring, community engagement, and sustainable tourism practices. Promoting awareness and sustainable practices aims to safeguard the park's natural heritage for future generations.

Maduru Oya National Park is a true gem of Sri Lanka's natural treasures. With its breathtaking landscapes, diverse wildlife, and rich biodiversity, the park offers a remarkable experience for nature lovers. Exploring the park's lush forests, encountering magnificent wildlife, and immersing oneself in its serene ambience are experiences that will leave a lasting impression. Maduru Oya National Park is a testament to the importance of conservation and serves as a reminder of the remarkable beauty within our natural world.


  1. Can I visit Maduru Oya National Park throughout the year?
    • Yes, Maduru Oya National Park is open for visitors throughout the year. However, it is advisable to check weather conditions and park accessibility before planning your visit.
  2. Are there any accommodation options inside the park?
    • No, there are no accommodation facilities inside Maduru Oya National Park. However, there are several options available in nearby towns and villages.
  3. Is it possible to see elephants during a safari?
    • Yes, Maduru Oya National Park is known for its population of elephants. Visitors have a good chance of seeing elephants during a safari tour.
  4. Are there any restrictions on photography?
    • While photography is allowed in the park, following ethical guidelines and respecting the park's wildlife is essential. Avoid using flash photography or disturbing the animals for the sake of capturing photographs.
  5. What should I do if I encounter a wild animal?
    • If you encounter a wild animal, remaining calm and maintaining a safe distance is important. Do not approach or provoke the animal. Follow the instructions of your safari guide or park authorities to ensure your safety and the well-being of the wildlife.


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