Bathalegala mountain (Bible Rock)
The Bathalegala mountain, also called Bible Rock, rising to 798 m above sea level, is near Aranayake in Kegalle District, Sabaragamuwa Province. To Kandy, somebody travelling on the A1 main road from Colombo will remember the twisting road with the steepest gradient, almost 20 km away from Kandy. This ancient past and the nearby village uphill is called Kadugannawa. From the Kadugannawa way, you experience a phenomenal view of the western mountains. Bathalegala is the most striking mountain in this scenery due to its prominent vertical cliffs surrounding the flat top surface. Bathalegala Kanda was known as “Bible Rock” in the colonial period. This table mountain resembles an open book or inspired fantasies of how Mount Sinai could look.
When the Portuguese threatened the Kandy kingdom, which was in control of the lowlands in the 16th and early 17th century, the Sinhalese set up a chain of watchtowers on the most conspicuous peaks, beginning with Batalagala. The watchers on top of Batalagala could easily monitor the Kegalle valley, and Kadugannawa passes on the way from Colombo to Kandy.