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Ratnapura

Ratnapura, known as the “City of Gems,” is a major city in Sri Lanka and the heart of the Sabaragamuwa Province and the Ratnapura District. This city, rich in tradition and history, is the epicentre of Sri Lanka’s famed gem trade. Situated on the banks of the Kalu Ganga (Black River) and located approximately 101 km southeast of Colombo, Ratnapura’s name, derived from Sanskrit, meaning “city of gems” (with ‘pura’ meaning town and ‘ratna’ meaning gemstone), perfectly encapsulates its essence and legacy.

Total Population

120,212

GN Divisions

53

Ratnapura

The city’s connection with gems is not just a recent phenomenon but a tradition that dates back over 2000 years. The arrival of the first Buddhist monks from northeastern provinces of India, such as Bodh-Gaya, Varanasi, and Pataliputra, brought not only the Buddhist religion to this region but also influenced the local language through their teachings in Sanskrit and Pali. This historical and cultural fusion has left a lasting impact on Ratnapura, embedding the gem trade into the very fabric of the city’s identity.
Ratnapura is renowned for its precious stone mining, including rubies, sapphires, and many other gems that have captivated the world. However, the city’s economic activities extend beyond gem mining. Ratnapura is also a hub for agricultural production, mainly known for its rice and fruit cultivation. Surrounding the city are vast plantations of tea and rubber, with the tea produced here being recognized as low-country tea due to its distinctive quality and flavour profile.

The city’s allure is not limited to its gems and agricultural products. Ratnapura boasts a well-established tourism industry, drawing visitors to the nearby Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Udawalawe National Park, Kitulgala, and Adam’s Peak. These sites offer unparalleled natural beauty and adventure, making Ratnapura a gateway to some of Sri Lanka’s most cherished natural wonders.

From a demographic perspective, Ratnapura has seen significant growth. In 1901, the town had a population of 4,084, which by 2012 had ballooned to 120,212. This diverse population includes Buddhists, Hindus, Christians, and Muslims, each contributing to the city’s rich cultural tapestry.

GN CodeName 
005Gileemale North
010Ketawala
015Guruluwana
020Siripagama
025Sri Palabaddala
030Mapalana
035Kudawa
040Dehenakanda
045Bambarabotuwa
050Alupola
055Balakotunna
060Hapugasthenna
065Rathgama
070Gileemale South
075Pagoda
080Embuldeniya
085Malangama
090Amuthagoda
095Kahangama
100Ketaliyampalla
105New Town
110Ellegedara
115Malwala
120Durekkanda
125Galabada
130Gallella
135Amunutenna
140Kempanawatta
145Gurubevilagama
150Batewela
155Hettikanda
160Banagoda
165Heenberenduwa
170Egoda Malwala
175Meehitiya
180Kospelavinna
185Weralupa
190Dewalaya Gawa
195Muwagama
200Ratnapura Town West
205Ratnapura Town North
210Mihindugama
215Mahawala
220Godigamuwa
225Ratnapura Town
230Mudduwa East
235Samagipura
240Ethoya
245Mudduwa
250Batugedara
255Angammana
260Thiriwanketiya
265Kolandagala
  • Police Station: 045-2222222 / 045-2222897
  • Hospital: 0452222261
RATNAPURA WEATHER

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